Frederick Mahomed

Other names: 

Frederick Akbar Mahomed

Frederick Henry Horatio Akbar Mahomed


Guy's Hospital SE1 9RT
United Kingdom
51° 30' 11.3616" N, 0° 4' 39.8676" W
Black Lion Street Brighton, BN1 1ND
United Kingdom
50° 49' 24.3984" N, 0° 8' 20.2596" W
Date of birth: 
11 Apr 1849
City of birth: 
Country of birth: 
Date of death: 
22 Nov 1884
Location of death: 
London, England

Frederick Akbar Mahomed was the grandson of Sake Dean Mahomed, the shampooing surgeon of Brighton. He was a pioneer of clinical medical research, especially in the field of blood pressure.

Mahomed was born in Brighton and studied medicine at Sussex County Hospital and Guy's Hospital, London. In 1872, he qualified as Member of the Royal College of Surgeons (MRCS), and he married Ellen Clark in 1873. Following jobs in Highgate, Islington and Paddington, he was appointed resident medical registrar at Guy's in 1877. He also qualified for a Bachelor of Medicine from Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, and was elected Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians in 1880.

Mahomed modified the sphymograph to measure blood pressure and was the first person in Britain to recognize that high blood pressure was a primary condition of kidney damage (and not the other way round). He was also the instigator of a record of clinical, hereditary and anthropological features of disease known as the Collective Investigation Record. He died of typhoid aged 35, and to help his wife and five children a subscription was set up at St Mary's and Guy's by his medical colleagues.

Published works: 

'Chronic Bright's Disease without Albuminuria', Guy's Hospital Reports 25 (1881), pp. 295-416

Secondary works: 

Cameron, J. Stewart and Hicks, J., 'Frederick Akbar Mahomed and his Role in the Description of Hypertension at Guy's Hospital', Kidney International 49 (1996), pp. 1491-3

Moore, Norman, ‘Mahomed, Frederick Henry Horatio Akbar (1849–1884)’, rev. Rachel E. Davies, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press, 2004) []

Shaw, A. Batty, 'Frederick Akbar Mahomed and his Contribution to the Study of Bright's Disease', Guy's Hospital Reports 101.1-4 (1952), pp. 159-60

Swales, J. D., 'Frederick Akbar Mahomed (1849-1884) Pioneer of Clinical Research', Journal of Human Hypertension 10 (1996), pp. 139-40

Visram, Rozina, Asians in Britain: 400 Years of History (London: Pluto Press, 2002)