Jagadish Chandra Bose

Other names: 

Jagadis Chandra Bose

Jagadis Chunder Bose


Christ's College, Cambridge, CB2 3AR
United Kingdom
52° 12' 11.2068" N, 0° 7' 26.9436" E
Date of birth: 
30 Nov 1858
City of birth: 
Mymensingh, Bengal
Country of birth: 
Current name country of birth: 
Date of death: 
23 Nov 1937
Location of death: 
Bengal, India
Date of 1st arrival in Britain: 
01 Jan 1880
Precise 1st arrival date unknown: 
Dates of time spent in Britain: 

1880-5 (education); 1896-7; 1900-2; 1907; 1914-15.


Jagadis Chandra Bose was a Bengali scientist: a biologist, a physicist, a botanist and a writer of science fiction. He is considered the father of radio science as he was the first person in the world to demonstrate wireless transmission of electromagnetic waves after returning to India in 1885 (although he did not patent this invention, which was brought out by Marconi two years later). Bose then demonstrated how plants responded to various stimuli, demonstrating the electrical nature of this conduction. He is considered a pioneer in the field of biophysics.

Bose went to England in 1880 for his further education. Initially he had plans to compete for the ICS, and then to study medicine, but enrolled in the Natural Sciences tripos at Christ's College, Cambridge. He received his BA in 1884 and then obtained a DSc from the University of London. He later received an honorary degree from Aberdeen University.

Bose returned to India in 1885 with a position at Presidency College, Calcutta. He returned to Britain and Europe a number of times to lecture. For example in 1914, he lectured at Oxford, Cambridge and the Royal Institution. During this visit he had a private laboratory in Maida Vale, London, where various European scientists would visit Bose. He was founder and Director of the Bose Research Institute, Calcutta, in 1917. He was knighted in 1917, and made a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1920 (the first Indian to become a fellow for science as opposed to mathematics).


Francis Balfour, Ananda Mohun Bose, Francis Darwin, Patrick Geddes, Prafulla Chandra Ray, Boshi Sen, John Strutt (Lord Rayleigh).

Published works: 

Response in the Living and Non-Living (London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1902)

Plant Response as a Means of Physiological Investigation (London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1906)

Researches in Irritability of Plants (London: Longmans Green and Co., 1913)

Plant Autographs & Their Revelations (Washington, 1915)

The Physiology of the Ascent of Sap (London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1923)

The Physiology of Photosynthesis (London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1924)

The Nervous Mechanism of Plants (London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1926)

Motor Mechanisms of Plants (London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1928)

Growth and Tropic Movements of Plants (London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1929)


Obituary, The Times, 24 November 1937

Secondary works: 

Geddes, Patrick, The Life and Work of Sir Jagadis C. Bose (London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1920)

Sir Jagadis Chunder Bose: His Life and Speeches (Madras: Ganesh & Co., 1920)