Manmohan Ghose


St Paul's School
Talgarth Street
Hammersmith, London, W14 9DJ
United Kingdom
51° 29' 25.9548" N, 0° 12' 39.2076" W
South Kensington Liberal Club
128 Cromwell Road
South Kensington, London, SW7 4TP
United Kingdom
51° 29' 41.082" N, 0° 11' 12.0012" W
Christ Church College Oxford, OX1 1DP
United Kingdom
51° 43' 26.2992" N, 1° 16' 30.414" W
Date of birth: 
19 Jan 1869
City of birth: 
Country of birth: 
Date of death: 
04 Jan 1924
Location of death: 
Calcutta, India
Date of 1st arrival in Britain: 
01 Jan 1879
Precise 1st arrival date unknown: 
Dates of time spent in Britain: 



Manmohan Ghose was the son of Dhan Ghose and his wife, Swarnalata Basu. His younger brother was Sri Aurobindo (Aravinda) Ghose, the politician and spiritual leader.

Manmohan, a brilliant scholar, was educated at Manchester grammar school (1881–4), St Paul's School in London (1884–7) and won an open scholarship to Christ Church, Oxford which he took up in 1887.

Ghose became close friends with Laurence Binyon at St Paul's, bonding over their love for the Classics and Matthew Arnold. Binyon credited Ghose for introducing him to Indian literature, art and philosophy. Binyon joined Oxford a year after Ghose and they collaborated on the poetry publication, Primavera, published in 1890. In the vacations he and his brothers stayed at 128 Cromwell Road, London, the office of the South Kensington Liberal Club. The Liberal Club's secretary was J. S. Cotton, editor of the Academy, who was born in India and whose publication reviewed Primavera. Ghose later met Oscar Wilde at the Fitzroy Street settlement, who reviewed Primavera in the Pall Mall Gazette, with particular favour towards Ghose. During this time in London, Ghose met many other members of the 'Rhymers' Club' set such as Lionel Johnson and Ernest Dowson, who were both very fond of him. Dowson had wished for Ghose's work to be included in The Book of the Rhymers Club that was published in 1892, but Ghose was unable to contribute as he could not share the cost of the expenses.

In 1893, after his father’s death, Ghose returned to India in mourning and took a series of teaching posts in Patna, Bankipur, and Calcutta. In 1897 he was appointed Assistant Professor at Dacca College and full Professor in 1901. After the death of his wife, Malati Banerjee, in 1918, his health deteriorated and he aged prematurely. For thirty years Ghose had cherished the dream of returning to England. In 1924 he booked a passage for himself and his daughters for a date in March, but he died in Calcutta, on 4 January 1924 after a short illness, three weeks before his retirement from Presidency College.


Laurence Binyon, Arthur Cripps, Ernest Christopher Dowson, Aravinda Ackroyd Ghose (brother), Lionel Pigot Johnson, Stephen Phillips, Rabindranath Tagore (Ghose translated Tagore's 'Paras Pathar' into English), Oscar Wilde.

Published works: 

(with Laurence Binyon, Arthur Shearly Cripps and Stephen Phillips) Poems, by Four Authors (Stephen Phillips, Laurence Binyon, Manmohan Ghose, Arthur S. Cripps) (Oxford: B. H. Blackwell, 1890)

Love-Songs and Elegies, in the Elkine Mathews Shilling Garland series, 9 (April 1898)

Poem in The Garland of New Poetry by Various Writers (London: E. Mathews, 1898) [Other poems by Binyon, Image, Coleridge, Victor Plarr, A. Romney Green]

Songs of Love and Death, ed. with an introduction by Laurence Binyon, 3rd edn (Calcutta: University of Calcutta, 1968 [1926])

Collected Poems, ed. by Lotika Ghose, 4 vols (Calcutta: University of Calcutta, 1970-77)

Selected Poems, ed. by Lotika Ghose (New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi, 1974)


Oscar Wilde, Pall Mall Gazette, 24 May 1890 (Primavera)

Athenaeum, 24 May 1890 (Primavera)

J. A. Symonds, Academy, 9 August 1890 (Primavera)

Hobby Horse, 5, 1890 (Primavera)

Queen, 10 Jan 1891

J. Freeman, London Mercury, April 1926 (Songs of Love and Death)

Secondary works: 

Flower, Desmond and Henry Maas (eds), The Letters of Ernest Dowson (London: Cassell & Co., 1967) 

Gandhi, Leela, Affective Communities: Anticolonial Thought and the Politics of Friendship (Durham: Duke University Press, 2006) 

Ghose, Aurobindo, Life, Literature, Yoga. Some New Letters of Sri Aurobindo. (Reprinted from "Mother India") (Pondicherry: Sri Aurobindo Ashram, 1952)

Ghose, Lotika, Manmohan Ghose (New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi, 1975)

Gray, N., 'Friends of my Father, Laurence Binyon', Private Library 3rd ser., 8 (1985), pp. 79–91

Hatcher, John, Laurence Binyon: Poet, Scholar of East and West (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1995)

Krishnamurti, Gutala, 'Ghose, Manmohan (1869–1924)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press, 2004)[]

Presidency College Magazine 10.3 (March 1924)

Purani, Ambalal Balkrishna, Sri Aurobindo in England (Pondicherry, 1956)

Purani, Ambalal Balkrishna, The Life of Sri Aurobindo (Pondicherry, 1964)

Sharma, J. S., The National Biographical Dictionary of India (New Delhi: Sterling Publishers, 1972) 

Archive source: 

Letters to Laurence Binyon, Loan 103 from Mrs Nicolette Gray, Manuscript Collection, British Library, St Pancras